But with twice as many security fixes listed as regular bug fixes and improvements, I’m happy to call it a “security update,” if only in the hope you’ll feel a bit more urgency about deploying it.
There are 15 official security patches, one fix that Apple has appended to the list without explicitly admitting that it was a security issue, and one bonus patch that is mentioned on Apple’s website but not in its emailed security advisory.
I’ll start with the free bonus patch, because I’m delighted it’s happened and I think you should know about it.
Confusingly, if you run sudo -V to check the version number, you might get the impression it hasn’t been updated, since 1.7.4p6a has the same core version string as the version shipped with 10.8.4 (1.7.4p6).
Nevertheless, the sudo binary has been updated, and in my tests, the privilege escalation bug had vanished.
Until 10.8.4, doing a sudo -k (which is supposed to deauthenticate you, and thus does not require a password), followed by setting the time to just after midnight on 01 Jan 1970, would give you root access.
In 10.8.5, it does not.
Presumably, Apple yielded to public pressure to fix this long-running hole, but, instead of taking all the sudo changes from the past few months, just backported the sudo -k fix to version 1.7.4p6, a much less risky change.
Moving up the list, the not-a-security-fix I mentioned above is included, almost as an afterthought, as follows:
Read more here.